TYPE OF SURGERIES

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Lipoma

  • Lipoma

Description of Disability:

A lipoma is a growth of fat cells in a thin, fibrous capsule usually found just below the skin. Lipomas aren't cancer and don't turn into cancer. They are found most often on the torso, neck, upper thighs, upper arms, and armpits, but they can occur almost anywhere in the body. One or more lipomas may be present at the same time. Lipomas are the most common noncancerous soft tissue growth. A lipoma is a benign tumor composed of adipose tissue (body fat). Lipomas are soft to the touch, usually movable, and are generally painless. Many lipomas are small (under one centimeter diameter) but can enlarge to sizes greater than six centimeters. Lipomas are slow-growing soft tissue tumours that rarely reach a size larger than 2 cm. Lesions larger than 5 cm, so-called giant lipomas, can occur anywhere in the body but are seldom found in the upper extremities. The authors present their experiences with eight patients having giant lipomas of the upper extremity. Lipomas are the most common mesenchymal tumour. They are believed to arise from primordial adipocytes, not from adult fat cells, therefore increasing in size as a patient accumulates adipose tissue but not decreasing with weight loss. They usually develop as well-circumscribed, encapsulated masses that have a doughy feel and are freely mobile beneath the skin. Lipomas can occur in many locations, but occur most commonly in the subcutaneous tissue of the head, neck, shoulders and back.

Treatment:

Most lipomas can be removed in the doctor's office or outpatient surgery center. The doctor injects a local anesthetic around the lipoma, makes an incision in the skin, removes the growth, and closes the incision with stitches (sutures). If the lipoma is in an area of the body that cannot be easily reached through a simple incision in the skin, the lipoma may need to be removed in the operating room under general anesthesia.

Post operative care: 

Rest, elevation and immobilization of part. Suture removal is done at one week.


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