Birth defects

Burns related deformities

Accidents/Trauma Injuries

Swellings on any part of the body

Nerve Disorders





  • Clinodactyly
  • Clinodactyly

Description of disability:

Clinodactyly is a minor congenital malformation (birth defect). The basis for the clinodactyly is that the middle bone in the fifth finger is underdeveloped and, instead of being rectangular, is wedge- shaped. Curving of the fifth finger (the little finger) toward the fourth finger (the ring finger). Sometimes called "fifth finger clinodactyly" to distinguish it from similar curving of other finger or toes. .Clinodactyly may occur as an isolated finding in a person who is entirely normal or it may be found in association with other congenital malformations and, sometimes, mental retardation. It is a common component of Down (trisomy 21) syndrome and Klinefelter (XXY) syndrome.


If the bend or curve of the finger is relatively mild then it will not cause any dysfunction of the hand and the child will be able to use the hands normally for all needs and purposes and hence no treatment in such cases is required.

Careful and diligent follow-ups are required so that close monitoring can be done to inspect any progression of clinodactyly. These follow-ups will be required throughout the growing age of the child till the growth plates close and the child is in the adolescent age. In cases where there is a rapid deterioration of the angle of the curve or bend in clinodactyly, then surgery is required to correct the deformity as the curve will then interfere with the ability of the child to function with the hand and interfere with activities like gripping, grasping or other functions of the hand. The surgical procedure involves making a small incision or a nick in the affected finger, cutting the bone, and then correcting the deformity.

Post operative care: 

Immobilization of the finger is then done to allow the bone and the soft tissues to heal post surgery along with elevation of the hand. In majority of cases of clinodactyly, surgical procedure corrects the deformity but there is always a chance of recurrence thereby requiring future need for surgery to treat clinodactyly.


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